An exploration of wine

Santa Barbara: elegant Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Syrah

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Santa Barbara County wine lands

Santa Barbara: a county of valleys with rolling hills, making fine cooler-climate wine styles

Santa Barbara County, making up the Southern part of the broad Central Coast area of California, was the region I most wanted to visit, given some of the Chardonnays and especially Pinot Noirs I had already tasted from the likes of Jim Clendenen’s Au Bon Climat. These had a rare combination of nicely-ripe fruit with brisk, fresh acidity.

Since first visiting Sonoma in 2004, I have struggled a bit with California Pinot Noirs, that were too often soft, with ripe jammy fruit and maybe 14.5% ABV – losing the finesse and verve Pinot can have. The few I had tasted from parts of Santa Barbara suggested fine alternatives were available.

I was also excited about Rhône varieties and especially relatively cool-climate Syrah, as opposed to Shiraz, expressions. Qupé’s Bien Nacido Vineyard 2010 in particular, highlighted not only the region’s potential, but also brought this specific vineyard to my attention.

These impressions were very-much solidified by spending almost 3 days in Santa Barbara County and visiting a number of the key AVAs, including Santa Rita Hills with renowned Sanford & Benedict vineyard, Santa Maria Valley including Bien Nacido, and new-to-me Ballard Canyon, pictured above, showcasing Rhône varieties.


Top producers

From tasting wines primarily on this trip as well as on previous occasions in London and elsewhere, producers whose wines really stand out are:

  • Au Bon Climat: Jim Clendenen has long championed Santa Maria Valley and the wider Santa Barbara area, especially for fine Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. Older vintages tasted on this trip proved them to be eminently ageworthy too. His Nebbiolos are interesting as well
  • Qupé: Bob Lindquist, Jim’s long-time ally, makes exceptional Rhône varieties, including the fine Bien Nacido Syrah and varieties like Roussanne too
  • Sandhi: crystalline Chardonnays from Sta Rita Hills, made by Rajat Parr the champion of In Pursuit of Balance, with Sashi Moorman
  • Domaine de la Côte: Sashi and Raj’s Pinot Noir-focused estate, producing brisk and structured Pinot Noirs from vines that are barely 10 years old, but already with finesse. Occasionally heavy on the stems and occasionally a hint of skinniness, but will only get better
  • Tyler: made by Justin Willette, who is also partnering with Etienne de Montille – with the first wine showing that Etienne’s work in California will be one to watch. Tyler’s Chardonnays and especially Pinot Noirs and Syrah from different sites including Bien Nacido are consistently refined
  • Chanin and Lutum: Gavin Chanin’s eponymous label as well as the label he makes wines for, both producing refined, minerally, taut Chardonnays that carry the plushness of fruit that should be Santa Barbara’s signature, with well-integrated oak
  • Bien Nacido Vineyards: the Miller family established the famous Bien Nacido vineyard to sell to many winemakers, but also produce a relatively small amount of estate wines too – a Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and, for me, the star Syrah
  • Stolpman Vineyards: leading light of Ballards Canyon, not only growing significant amounts of high quality grapes, but making convincing Estate Syrah and Roussanne
  • Pence Vineyards: discovered at the first, walkaround tasting, delivering the kind of Pinot the region should be delivering – some richness of fruit, but with brightness of acidity that refreshes and gives life to the wine


About the Santa Barbara region

Unusually, Santa Barbara’s wine regions, to the north of the city of Santa Barbara itself, are made up of a series of ridges of hills that point roughly East-West, near-perpendicular to the Pacific coast, as a result of a compression zone between the Pacific and North American tectonic plates. These plates are moving past each other, so most mountain ranges are parallel to the coast; Santa Barbara County is, instead being pinched.

The key impact of this is that the valleys created by these perpendicular ridges are open to the Pacific, instead of being closed-off from it. That, in turn, means a lot off cool, maritime air runs up each valley and significantly cools the climates of each – given that these are in SoCal, they should be warm-to-hot climate. Instead, they are relatively cool.

It is this effect especially, coupled with altitudes that can reach a few hundred metres and folded landscapes that offer cooler, Eastern or Northern exposures, that give Santa Barbara’s AVAs the opportunity to produce cooler-climate expressions of Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Syrah than many spots further North in California.


Key AVAs

Santa Rita Hills: Fantastically-consistent quality Chardonnays, often with a taught line of acidity and some chalky or flinty minerality. But not lean or ungenerous – carrying ripe citrus or stone fruit, and mealy or baking spice oak. Finesse here from a range of producers. Within the AVA, the Sanford & Benedict vineyard is the most remarkable, planted from 1971 with some vines still on their own roots. Bright, tight, refined, cool-climate Pinots can be found here too. As the name suggests, plenty of altitude from the hills, to add coolness to its proximity to the Pacific, despite being the most southerly sub-AVA, within Santa Ynez.

Ballard Canyon: Rolling hills provide a range of aspects to fine-tune ripening in this relatively inland sub-AVA in the heart of Santa Ynez, further inland than Sta Rita Hills. Syrah is a big focus here and there are certainly some fine wines being produced. A good-looking Roussanne or two as well.

Santa Maria Valley: In the North of Santa Barbara County, and led by the Bien Nacido vineyard first planted in 1973, the AVA has both lower, valley-floor plantings and higher hillside plots that offer a range of ripeness. Generally, riper and fuller Chardonnays and Pinot Noirs than Sta Rita Hills, but still with bright, refreshing acidity. Also, particularly exciting Syrah. Bien Nacido itself is the most widely-named single vineyard on California wine labels, with over 40 producers making a bottling, and offers not only valley-floor and hillside blocks, but also a raised, gently sloping bench that they believe is particularly fine for Pinot Noir. Bentrock vineyard is noteworthy too.

Santa Ynez Valley: Larger AVA covering the Southerly vineyards in Santa Barbara, incorporating Sta Rita Hills, Ballard Canyon and other sub-AVAs, Los Olivos and Happy Canyon. Allows for blending across the wider region and covering vineyards not in the more focused AVAs, but I didn’t get a sense of a particular identity.

Santa Barbara County: Largest AVA, including all others, again allowing cross-regional blending and picking up odd vineyards not included in the other AVAs.


Day 1: rooftop Central Coast tasting

Santa Barbara hotel rooftop Central Coast wine

A proper ‘sundowners’ – our rooftop tasting of Central Coast wines

Our trip kicked-off half an hour after my arrival, at the rooftop terrace of the Hotel Californian, giving a panorama from the ocean, over Santa Barbara city, to the hills behind. A breathtaking start to the trip. Several wineries from Santa Barbara and elsewhere on the Central Coast came to show us their wares.

Of course there were plenty of Chardonnays and Pinot Noirs, but plenty more besides, including some fair Chenin Blanc and pretty convincing Albariño. Overall, the standard was solid rather than spectacular, but their were plenty of tasty options – not least “Superiore” from Field Recordings which was not in our official tasting book, but came out at the end from under the counter: a California take on Valpolicella – sadly I mislaid tasting notes for that wine and have only the label image:

Superiore Valpolicella Corvina California

Field Recordings’ “Superiore” Valpolicella-style Corvina blend



Cambria Estate, Katherine’s Vineyard Chardonnay Santa Maria Valley 2015 (16.5 / 20; 93 / 100)
Clones 4, 76, 96 and Wente, planted on soils with fossilised seashells, shale and limestone, and sand. 6.5 months in 21% new, 83% French oak. 5.9 g/L TA, pH 3.46, 14.4% ABV. $22 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium gold
N: Rich, baked pastry and cinnamon. Vegetal and lemon-lime fruit. Good fruit but with restraint
P: Baking spice and pure, clean, ripe yellow melon. Bright not brisk acidity and a sense of sweetness of fruit. Decent length

Field Recordings, Chenin Blanc Central Coast 2017 (15.5 / 20; 88 / 100)
100% Chenin Blanc from 3 vineyards: Martin Brothers, Shell Creek and Jurassic Park, which are the oldest on Central Coast, planted between 1972 and 1980. 10 months in oak and stainless steel. 5.2 g/L TA, pH 3.58, 11.9% ABV. $20 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium lemon
N: Floral jasmine is marked, with honey, subtle baking spice and apple
P: Precise apple and baking spice. Attractive. Just a little dilute and short

Field Recordings, Jurassic Park Chenin Blanc Paso Robles 2016 (16 / 20; 90 / 100)
100% Chenin Blanc on 8 acres, planted 1978 at 11×7’ density. 100% acacia barrel fermentation. $35 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium lemon
N: More expressive and layered than the entry blend. Orchard fruit, spice, mineral and some floral tones
P: Mineral tones to floral green apple. Again, just lacking in a bit of length

Field Recordings, Shell Creek Chenin Blanc Paso Robles 2016 (16.5 / 20; 93 / 100)
100% Chenin Blanc on 100 acres, planted 1972. 100% 2nd fill French oak barrel fermentation and aged 6 months. $35 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium lemon
N: Rich, deep, creamy. Honey and integral baking spice. Some lifted herb
P: Brisk, crisp and lively. Firm, stony character, then jasmine and apple. Medium-long to long. Convincing

Kunin, Zero Jurassic Park Sparkling Chenin Blanc Santa Ynez Valley 2013 (15.5 / 20; 88 / 100)
100% Chenin Blanc from one of the oldest vineyards in Santa Ynez, Firestone. Limited time on lees and zero dosage to preserve freshness of the grape. 100% whole bunch pressed to tank, cold settled then racked. VL3 yeast fermentation without MLF, then bottle fermented and 10 months on lees, before 2 years’ post-disgorgement ageing. $40 / bottle RRP.
A: Medium lemon, with mousse and bead that rapidly disappears
N: Toasted apple. Cream. Some flint
P: Loose mousse. Apple, flint, cream and a nutty touch. Medium-long

Kunin, Jurassic Park Chenin Blanc Santa Ynez Valley 2016 (16 / 20; 91 / 100)
Extra wine.
A: Medium lemon
N: Spiced apple. Some wet wool hints
P: Crisp acidity. Flint, wet wool and chalk. Quite lean, green and yellow apple. Medium-long

Le Voix Winery, Here & Heaven Chardonnay Sta Rita Hills 2016 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
80% John Sebastian Vineyard and 20% Rancho Santa Rita, mostly Wente 43 and some 96 and 76. Wild yeast fermentation in mostly neutral French oak, with 11 months’ ageing. $55 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium gold
N: Creamy, subtly flinty mineral and gentle spice. Depth of ripe stone fruit. Sophisticated
P: Understated. Creamy pear and melon. Some white peach. Integral and quite long

Lo-Fi, Chardonnay 2017 (15.5 / 20; 89 / 100)
600L amphora fermentation. Very low sulfur addition at bottling.
A: Mid-deep lemon
N: Ripe, rich, buttery tones to slightly overripe peach
P: Pure, rich, ripe lemon and peach. Bright acidity. Medium-long finish

Lo-Fi, Coquelicot Vineyard Cabernet Franc Santa Barbara County 2017 (15.5 / 20; 89 / 100)
Ballard gravelly sand soils. 332 and Tinaquaic clones on 3309 rootstocks. Whole bunch with daily pumpover, then wild-yeast fermentation under CO2 gas. Pressed to tank, settled then racked to barrel. Natural MLF. 10 months in barrel. $28 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium ruby
N: Funky, slightly reductive. Red cherry. Tobacco leaf. Stems
P: Brisk acidity. Leafy, stemmy cherry. Funky. Decent length

Lo-Fi, Coquelicot Estate Malbec Santa Ynez Valley 2017 (15.5 / 20; 89 / 100)
Positas fine sandy loam soils. Whole bunch. Whole bunch with daily pumpover, then wild-yeast fermentation under CO2 gas. Natural MLF. 6 months in 4+ year old French oak and 2 months concrete. 40ppm sulfites added at bottling. $28 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium ruby(!)
N: Leafy, stem-herb. Redcurrant. Stones. Fresh leather
P: Brisk acidity. Redcurrant and raspberry. Funky. Medium, grainy tannins. Fair length. Completely different take on Malbec

Pence Vineyards, Estate Chardonnay Sta Rita Hills 2016 (16 / 20; 91 / 100)
Field blend of 6 clonal selections. North-facing on ocean sedimentary soil – diatomaceous earths and calcareous. Barrel fermented and aged 16 months in 25% new French oak puncheons. MLF. No battonage. 13.4% ABV. $24 / bottle RRP.
A: Medium lemon-gold
N: Rich, ripe, stone fruit. Creamy oak. Subtle cinnamon. Pure California
P: Ripe, not overripe. Stone and passionfruit. Bright acidity. Supple and easy. Long enough

Pence Vineyards, Estate Pinot Noir Sta Rita Hills 2016 (16.5 / 20; 92 / 100)
Organic grapes from all blocks; 9 clones. 20% whole bunch fermentation in concrete then 9 months ageing in 20% French oak. $28 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium ruby
N: Meaty tones with black fruit and spice. Aromatic
P: Brisk acidity. Some stem-herb tones to bright, crunchy red berry fruit. Good intensity Some spice. Moderate, fine tannins. Medium-long to long, perfumed finish

Pence Vineyards, Unum Estate Pinot Noir Sta Rita Hills 2016 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
1Ha, South-facing plot, planted in 2005 with 667 clone, on dense clay soil. 20% whole bunch fermentation, then maturation in 33% new French oak. 13.5% ABV. $60 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium ruby-purple
N: Subtle, complex with some integral clove and hints of leaf. Convincing. Sophisticated
P: Ripe, bright, focused red fruit. Supple, light-medium tannins. Spicy tones. Long

Dierberg, Dierberg Vineyard Chardonnay Sta Maria Valley 2016 (16 / 20; 91 / 100)
15 months in 20% new, 400L oak. 13.2% ABV. $32 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale lemon
N: Gentle mealy oak. Peach. Pure fruit with some flint
P: Crisp apple, with white peach fleshiness. Some salt. Bright

Star Lane, Star Lane Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon Happy Canyon Santa Barbara 2015 (16 / 20; 91 / 100)
80% Cabernet Sauvignon, 9% Petit Verdot, 6% Merlot, 3% Malbec, 2% Cabernet Franc. 22 months in 50% new French oak. 14.4% ABV. $50 / bottle RRP.
A: Deep ruby
N: Ripe, heady, jammy cassis and black cherry. Cinnamon-clove oak, well-integrated. Tobacco
P: Medium-full body. Ripe, spicy tobacco-leaf laced cassis. Bright acidity. Moderate, supple tannins. Warming medium-long finish

Star Lane, Astral Cabernet Sauvignon Happy Canyon Santa Barbara 2014 (15 / 20; 87 / 100)
Own-rooted vines, with Georges de Latour Clone. 14.5% ABV. $120 / bottle RRP.
A: Mid-deep ruby
N: Jammy blackberry and cassis. Floral lift. Cinnamon-clove
P: Strangely sweet-sour. Chewy, fairly firm tannins. Awkward. Warming and a little short

Niven Family, Zucker Grüner Veltliner Edna Valley 2016 (16 / 20; 91 / 100)
Paragon Vineyard, 5.4 miles from the Pacific, on volcanic clay loam and rocky maritime sediments. Stainless steel fermentation at 58F. No MLF. 6.52 g/L TA, pH 3.23, 13.5% ABV. $20 / bottle RRP.
A: Mid green-gold
N: Subtle but clear white pepper. Vegetal touch. Some greengage. Hint of fennel
P: Moderate density. Stone fruit, some pineapple hints. White pepper. Some textured grip. Good effort

Niven Family, Tangent Stone Egg Albariño Edna Valley 2017 (16.5 / 20; 92 / 100)
Fermented and aged 9 months on lees in concrete egg. No MLF. 7.49 g/L TA, pH 3.34, 14.4% ABV. $32 / bottle RRP.
A: Mid lemon
N: Ripe, intense apricot and spicy tones. Hint of citrus
P: Brisk acidity. Flinty-stony. Ripe, intense apricot and peach. Lively

Niven Family, Baileyana S-Bar Chardonnay Edna Valley 2016 (16.5 / 20; 92 / 100)
Paragon Vineyard, 5.4 miles from the Pacific, on Diablo series volcanic clay loam and rocky maritime sediments. 60% new French oak fermentation for 22 days then 9 months maturation on lees. 7.15 g/L TA, pH 3.36, 14.8% ABV. $42 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale lemon
N: Lime, vegetal and nutty oak. Quite leafy. Baking spice
P: Green melon, lemon-lime, some apple. Brisk. Some lees richness fills it out. Long


Day 2.1: “State of the State” breakfast briefing

Karen Ross, California State Agriculture Secretary

Karen Ross, Secretary of Agriculture for the State of California, addressing us

Karen Ross has been California Secretary of Agriculture, based in Sacramento, since 2011. Before that, she was Chief of Staff for the US Secretary of Agriculture. She introduced the State’s agricultural sector, while Linsey Gallagher, VP International of the California Wine Institute, to introduced wine in more depth.

California is the most populous US state, largest State economy and one of the world’s top 10 economies, as well as making 85% of US wine. It is also the number one tourist state in the US, where wine and food play an important role.

The farm gate value of agriculture in California was $50Bn, including $3.2Bn of wine, and the State is both the largest producer of fruit and vegetables, and of dairy products. Karen particularly picked out some specific ‘assets’ supporting agriculture and wine, including: diverse soil types (around 2,800 different types, including volcanic, sedimentary, limestone and sand), 800 miles of coastline, water infrastructure and education infrastructure – not only UC Davis but also other, smaller agricultural colleges.

In recent years, they have lived through a 5-year drought, in a state of 40M people and 77,000 farms, dependent on water. Water management practices were brought in to manage the State through this challenge. California agriculture’s use of water has declined, while productivity has improved by 57%. Part of that has been switching to high-value crops that use less water, across the wider agricultural sector.

The Sustainable Land Water Management Act was brought in, to ensure not only that groundwater basins can be reserves to be called on in drought times, but also that the reserves get refilled for future use. A water use efficiency program has been implemented as well.

Related to that, the wild fires fuelled by tinder-dry, drought-parched land, have led to significant improvement in fire management, including $200m for better forest health such as removing diseased trees that can drive wildfires, plus soil health improvement.

Climate change has also been high on the agenda, with a robust climate change plan to reduce greenhouse gases to 40% below 1990 levels by 2030, and carbon neutral by 2045. The most ambitious is reduction of petroleum use by 50%, as well as all switching all electricity production to renewables by 2045, and finally to improve energy efficiency of buildings by 50%. An example of agricultural involvement includes processing dairy waste to generate gas for energy both on farms and potentially for gas-powered vehicles.

A wider, more all-encompassing land management plan has now been created, incorporating climate change, water management and now a soil health challenge.

For the wine sector specifically, 2018 has been a long and slow growing season, with cool nights, suggesting a fine quality harvest. The Pacific influence is critical to cooling and this has been a classic year for that.

1,000 wineries and affiliated members make up the Wine Institute of California, to support the wine industry, including 16 worldwide offices, and lobby State and Federal administrations. It was founded in 1934, shortly after the repeal of Prohibition. 24 million wine tourists arrive each year, so they also partner with Visit California for Global promotion.

California is the 4th largest wine region in the world, after France, Italy and Spain, producing 235m 9L cases. The State has 5,900 grape growers, 4,800 bonded wineries and 110 grape varieties across 139 AVAs. Chardonnay is the most widely planted of all varieties and Barbera the most widely planted red (with Cabernet Sauvignon at number 3).

85% of the US wine production comes from California, but 95% of exports, with the EU being the largest export area in 2017, ahead of Canada. By 2008, exports topped $1Bn. First grape plantings were in 1769, in the south of the State with 1857 seeing Sonoma planted for the first time and Napa following a few years later.

The North Coast has 54 AVAs, including Napa (4% of California production) with 600 wineries and 18 AVAs, and Sonoma County with 500 wineries and 18 AVAs. Sonoma produces more Pinot Noir than any other California AVA.

The Central Coast has 43 AVAs, with Santa Cruz Mountains most famously in the north of Central Coast. San Luis Obispo and fast-growing Paso Robles (which has just created 11 sub-AVAs, having previously been a single catch-all AVAs) are major areas within. Finally, Livermore Valley is important as the cradle of Chardonnay, with Wente winery particularly based there, and Monterey.

Sierra Foothills to the east of Central Coast has 6 AVAs, that are generally less well known, but have some interest. 18 AVAs sit in the Central Valley, including Lodi for old-vine Zinfandel, but most is high volume production.

Southern California around LA and San Diego also has some AVAs that are becoming more established.

California Sustainable Winegrowing Initiative is a partnership between CWI and the California Grapegrowers Association, to help compliance with stringent environmental State laws, and drive sustainability and climate change adaptation.


Day 2.2: Santa Rita Hills masterclass tasting and panel discussion

Santa Rita Hills Pinot Noir

Justin Knock MW, introducing our first masterclass, on Santa Rita Hills Pinot Noir

Sashi Moorman, winemaker at Domaine de la Côte, led this masterclass, exploring the different styles of the Santa Rita Hills AVA, with Justin Willette (Tyler, also just planted his own vineyard and is partnering with Etienne de Montille – also present at the tasting), Matt Dees (Mail Road Wines and The Hilt) and Steve Fennel (Sanford, also responsible for farming Sanford & Benedict Vineyard) on the panel. Remarkably, harvest was still going on, so all were taking time out of the cellar.

Santa Rita Hills is still in the process of establishing the AVA – not just planting and making wine, but establishing the best styles for the terroir, understanding customers and building its reputation. Jim Clendenen has been the trailblazer with ABC, which has laid substantial foundations for this.

Nevertheless, there are still huge challenges of cutting through the ‘noise’ of other regions, plus the ‘weight’ of the major Old World regions and most famous estates. These both squeeze the space in the upper tier of wine from a commercial perspective. Preconceptions also need to be dismissed, including ‘no vintages’ and ‘no terroir’ misconceptions.

Santa Rita Hills Santa Ynez River valley

View over Santa Ynez River valley in the Lompoc end of Santa Rita Hills, where several high quality vineyards are planted

The tasting focused on the Santa Ynez River sub-section, including Sanford & Benedict, planted 1971, as Sasha believes there is something special there (though not all great wines of the AVA are necessarily from here). Sanford & Benedict was a bellwether for the AVA, though recessions in the early 1980s and 1990s / 2000s critics opinions favouring ripeness, held back both planting and terroir exploration.

Because Sta Rita Hills has abundance of soil variation and rolling hills giving aspect variation, high ripeness driving homogeneity of style, has had a retrograde effect on a region capable of expressing a variety of different sites.

A watershed event came as a result of Calpers investment in Premier Pacific Vineyards. Though not such a good investment for the pension fund, its subsequent sale in parcels made grapes available so it became possible to make small purchases of grapes and small-scale vinifications to explore site in ways that hadn’t previously been possible. This has led to a revolution in quality and transparency in the AVA.

Santa Barbara County is on the Pacific Plate and is being compressed against the North American Plate as the two pass each other, causing folding into valleys. These are unusually transverse and opens Santa Barbara to the Pacific, moderating the climate significantly. For every 1 mile East from the coast, temperatures rise +1°F which can drive significant differences across the 7-9 mile length of the sector.

All the wines in the tasting are from the southern half of the appellation, with the most diverse soils, and both South- and North-facing slopes. Most soils are silica-based shale originated, with more or less decomposition and with or without alluvial deposition.

Sashi planted Domaine de la Côte in 2007, on a site no-one expected to perform, and makes the wine in partnership with Rajat Parr. All clones planted were California selections, with no Dijon clones – Mt Eden, Clara and Swan – to keep the project ‘Californian’ in sense. Clara originated at Chalone, then went to Hyde for viral removal, went onto Kistler’s vineyard and thence selected for Domaine de la Côte. 3309 rootstocks were used to reduce vigour for all plantings, to ensure a 5-foot maximum canopy! Planted at high density at just under 4,000 vines / acre, these yield 1lb per vine because clusters are so small (50-60g / cluster).

Grapes are grown organically and sulfur is not added during winemaking to promote diversity of micro-organisms, with sulfur only at bottling. Nevertheless 25ppm free sulfur was detected at the peak of fermentation in recent testing, most likely from sulfur spraying up to veraison (with little rain to wash it off). By the end of fermentation, this was still 5-10ppm free. At bottling, sulfur is gradually added to a stable 20ppm free.

Winemaking is similar across all cuvées with the same coopers and same bottling dates, to expose site differences. Early bud-break means poor fruit set, so few seeds. To get tannins stems are therefore used.

Pricing for the 3 cuvées reflects the fact that they believe La Côte is a better expression, but prices above $40 a bottle are marketing-related, demonstrating confidence in the wines. Without a quality hierarchy, this is the best method to communicate quality to the consumer. One third of revenue is sold direct to consumer at Domaine de la Côte, though that’s only 10% of volume.

Tyler vineyard plots are on the top of ridges, with a lot of diatomaceous earth. They aim for organic viticulture for both owned and bought grapes, though that’s not always possible. They’re struggling to decide whether to lead with the winery brand or the vineyard, given what they believe about the importance of site. Wines are typically pH 3.35-3.55 at 6-6.5 g/L TA, and 13% ABV.

Mail Road wines are the estate wines of the Mount Carmel vineyard, from fruit not sold to other producers. The Mount Eden clones were selected from Sanford & Benedict. Mount Carmel is South-facing, that gives extra density, as does the presence of the 828 clone. These can also give good acidity, with TA of 6 g/L and pH of 3.4-3.5. They dug soil pits in

Sanford & Benedict is sold to at least 12 producers and up to 20, most of whom are making high-end wines, so this vineyard can be the vineyard ‘beacon’ for the region, where the vineyard brand can exceed the producer brand in Sta Rita Hills.

28 acres of the original 1971 vines, planted on own roots, are still in production. Martini clone through Wente and the Mt Eden clone allegedly from Chambertin were both planted. One block, T13, is then made as the Founders’ Block.

Etienne de Montille entered Sta Rita Hills as the family had just acquired Chateau de Puligny-Montrachet in Burgundy, and with 28Ha of Burgundy vineyards, it was unlikely that adding some expensive Grand Cru vineyards would make much difference to their ability to grow. He needed to look elsewhere.

In discussion with his Californian Chef de Cave, he decided that California would provide the most interesting Pinot and Chardonnay with openness and innovation. Amongst 4 regions, Santa Rita Hills had greatest potential to create more elegant, scented styles at high quality, particularly due to its coolness.



Domaine de la Côte, Memorious Pinot Noir Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (16 / 20; 91 / 100)
100% whole cluster in 4 ton, open-topped fermenters. 14 months in barrel, c. 80% used – due to financial challenges. $60 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium ruby
N: Stem-herb overtones. Ripe, but not over-ripe strawberry and red cherry. Spices emerge and some dusty mineral tones
P: Brisk acidity. Some stem vinosity emerges. Sweet, ripe cherry fruit. Some subtle spice and a bit of salinity. Moderate, fine tannins. Medium-long finish. Fairly elegant

Domaine de la Côte, Bloom’s Field Pinot Noir Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (16.5 / 20; 93 / 100)
Iron-rich clay top-soils. Marine sedimentary sub-soils. 100% whole cluster. 14 months in barrel, mostly used. $70 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium ruby
N: Muted stem-herb. Dusty and savoury overtones. Closed. Blackberry fruit beneath
P: Intense blackberry and red cherry. Brisk acidity. Spiced. Supple, medium tannins. Herbal mid-palate. Saline. Medium-long

Domaine de la Côte, La Côte Pinot Noir Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (17.5 / 20; 95 / 100)
100% whole cluster. 14 months in barrel, mostly used. $90 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium ruby
N: Some subtle clove. Quite closed. Very subtle herbal tones. Rocky mineral. Some orange emerges
P: Medium-full body. Rich. Spiced and dried herb tones to rich cranberry and red cherry. Moderate, very fine-grained tannins. Long, with a dark chocolate touch

Tyler, Wenzlau Vineyard Pinot Noir Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (17+ / 20; 94+ / 100)
Organic, South to West-facing vineyard at around 500ft altitude. 7 miles from Pacific at western edge of AVA. Destemmed into 2-5 ton fermenters for wild-yeast fermentation with punchdown and pumpover. Pressed to tank and settled. 12-14 months in 30% new French oak, racked and blended. A few more months in barrel, pre-bottling. 13% ABV. $65 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale ruby with purple tints
N: More notable clove oak than Domaine de la Côte, but still subtle. Precise blueberry and raspberry fruit. Dusty earth minerality. Attractive, but a little closed
P: Juicy, bright red cherry. Spicy. Some chalky, fairly-firm tannins. Intense and tense. Good length

Mail Road Wines, Mt. Carmel Pinot Noir Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (17.5 / 20; 95 / 100)
828, Mt. Carmel, 667, Swan and Pommard clones. Gentle extraction, 12-14% saignée and 6 day cold soak. 6% whole cluster fermentation with 12-14 days on skins. 2nd and 3rd use French oak maturation. 13.9% ABV. $100 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium ruby
N: Focused, intense, slightly jammy raspberry. Hints of garrigue. Black pepper spice. Subtle clove oak
P: Ripe raspberry. Lots of berry fruit. Spiced and clove-touched mid-palate. Fairly-firm, fine tannins. Rich. Medium-long to long

The Hilt, The Old Guard Pinot Noir Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
Sanford & Benedict Vineyard (Mt. Eden clone) and Radian Vineyard (667 clone) blend. 30-40% whole bunch fermentation, as the vineyard gets ripe enough. 12 months in 10% new, 90% neutral French oak. $65 / bottle RRP.
A: Medium ruby-purple
N: Blueberry and slightly jammy blackberry. Dusty, clove-chocolate oak tones. Opens a little in the glass
P: Rich and medium-full bodied. Blueberry ripe fruit. Juicy, bright acidity gives balance to the richness. Peppery, fairly-firm, but ripe tannins. Long, spice-perfumed finish

The Hilt, The Vanguard Pinot Noir Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (17+ / 20; 94+ / 100)
Sanford & Benedict Vineyard (50% Mt. Eden and 50% Martini clones). Block selection for mid-palate, silky texture. 100% destemmed with 14 days on skins. 12 months in 30% new, 70% neutral French oak. $65 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium ruby-purple
N: Crushed rock and earth minerality. Clove-cinnamon oak. Dense, ripe, slightly jammy fruits of the forest beneath
P: Ripe, dense blackberry. Chalky minerality. Chalky, firm tannins. Spiced, powerful length. Slightly warming finish, but long

Tyler, Sanford & Benedict Pinot Noir Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (16.5+ / 20; 93+ / 100)
Own-rooted Mt. Eden clone vines planted 1971, on Elder Botella clay loam, with chert and shale. Wild yeast ferment. French oak. No fining or filtration. 13.2% ABV. $80 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale ruby-purple
N: Cinnamon oak. Nutty-earthy minerality and spice. Scented strawberry fruit. Some graphite
P: Sour cherry. Bright acidity. Fair intensity. Chalky, firm tannins. Long, aromatic finish. Needs time

Tyler, La Encantada Pinot Noir Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (17.5+ / 20; 95+ / 100)
Clone 4 planted 2000, on Elder clay loam over shale. Organic. Wild yeast ferment, with 33% whole bunches and punch-down and pumpover. 16 months with 25% new French oak. No fining or filtration. 13% ABV. $52 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale ruby-purple
N: Dusty and dried herb-garrigue. Clove tones. Rocky mineral. Savoury. Expressive
P: Dense raspberry and red cherry fruit. Spice. Peppery, fairly-firm tannins. Intense fruit but not overripe or jammy. Long, perfumed-creamy finish. Classy

Sanford, Sanford & Benedict Vineyard Founders’ Vines Pinot Noir Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (18 / 20; 96 / 100)
Sanford & Benedict Vineyard, planted 1971, from original, own-rooted vines. 100% MLF. 14 months in 30% new French oak. 5.9 g/L TA, pH 3.5, 13.9% ABV. $115 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale ruby
N: Odd nose. Slightly fishy? Or geosmin earthy-mousy? – blows off in the glass. Some grilled meat hints and nutty oak. Savoury red fruit. Dried tobacco notes and allspice. Different. Complex and attractive
P: Medium bodied with brisk to crisp acidity. Savoury, white pepper-spiced red cherry. Expressive, with some salinity too. Moderate, chalky tannins. Long, clove-scented finish


Day 2.3: Santa Rita Hills Chardonnay lunch

Domaine de la Cote vineyards

Domaine de la Cote vineyards in Santa Ynez River sub-section of Sta Rita Hills

The following wines were tasted over lunch in the Domaine de la Côte vineyards, in the Santa Ynez River Valley end of Santa Rita Hills towards Lompoc, accompanied by the very well prepared Indian cuisine of Rajat Parr’s new catering venture. Not necessarily the best pairing for an array of Santa Rita Hills Chardonnays, however!

And the range of Chardonnays was very good – and quite extraordinarily consistent in the level of quality. Typing up my handwritten notes, I was very surprised to see that almost all of them scored 17 / 20 or 94 / 100! Differences in style, for sure – more or less oak influence; citrus and orchard vs stone fruit – but with consistent elegance, good acidities and ABVs rarely above 13.5%. A classy zone for Chardonnay, certainly.

Domaine de la Cote lunch Etienne de Montille

Our lunch table at Domaine de la Côte, where Etienne de Montille, front-right, joined us

At lunch, I sat next to Etienne de Montille, who is a very engaging and nice guy, enthusiastic about his California projects, who brought along a not-to-be-released, 2016 first vintage of his Sanford & Benedict Pinot Noir as an extra, which showed truly graceful, elegant and sophisticated character. His wines will be ones to watch.



Santa Rita Hills Chardonnay Domaine de la Cote

The line-up of Sta Rita Hills Chardonnays we had with lunch was consistently fine

Brewer-Clifton, Chardonnay Sta. Rita Hills 2015 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
3D, Machado, Acin and Hapgood vineyards, vinified separately but with identical winemaking. Whole bunch pressed. No promotion or suppression of MLF. Neutral barrels. 14% ABV. $65 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium gold
N: Grilled bread and mineral. Dusty. Fleshy fruit but some flinty savouriness
P: Crushed rock. Ripe apple. Integral. Nice spice. Good length

Chanin, Sanford & Benedict Vineyard Chardonnay Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
Sustainably-farmed, 46 year old vines on silica-rich rock soils. Pressed to 15% new French barrels for fermentation, then 15 months in barrel on lees. Racked and lightly fined. 13.5% ABV. $45 / bottle RRP.
A: Mid gold
N: Toasted brioche. Spice. Caramel and vanilla. White peach and stone fruit
P: Stony. 100% clean? Citrus and white peach. Creamy oak. Decent length. Some salinity

Holus Bolus, The Joy Fantastic Chardonnay Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
Made by husband and wife team, Peter Hunken and Amy Christine MW. Mt Eden and 76 clones in 5 acre vineyard of Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Syrah in the Western Sta Rita Hills. Steep South-facing hillside on clay-loam with diatomaceous earth. Hand harvested and pressed, juicy settled overnight then to neutral French oak barrels for wild-yeast fermentation, followed by 11 months’ maturation. Unfiltered. <1 g/L RS, pH 3.4, 13.2% ABV. $50 / bottle RRP.
A: Mid gold
N: Ripe grapefruit peel, oatmeal and toasty oatmeal oak. Pungent spice and earth tones
P: Juicy, bright citrus – lemon and grapefruit. Some fleshiness. Bright and forward. Supple. Medium-long to long

Longoria, Fe Ciega Vineyard Chardonnay Sta. Rita Hills 2014 (16.5 / 20; 92 / 100)
Rick Longoria was a pioneer for the Sta Rita Hills region. <1 acre of Mt Eden clone planted 2008. Whole-bunch pressed, settled 24 hours then fermentation in 26% new French oak barrels, before ageing. 74% MLF. 6.1 g/L TA, pH 3.49, 13.9% ABV. $50 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale lemon-gold
N: Slightly baked? Vanilla and crème patissiere, then some vegetal tones. Baking spice
P: Ripe stone fruit. Brisk and minerally. Some spice

Lutum, Sanford & Benedict Vineyard Chardonnay Sta. Rita Hills 2014 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
Made by Gavin Chanin. Gazos clay loam soils on 15-30% slope. 2 harvests, 1 week apart. Pressed to 42% new French oak barrels for fermentation, MLF, then 12 months’ ageing with battonage. Racked and lightly fined. pH 3.37, 14% ABV. $52 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium gold
N: Perfumed, vanilla and almost lemon-sherbet candy. Some toffee. Precise, ripe, white peach fruit
P: Caramel-vanilla. Clove-cinnamon. Medium-full body. Bright, not brisk acidity. Creamy medium-long to long finish

Melville, Estate Chardonnay Sta. Rita Hills 2015 (16.5 / 20; 92 / 100)
4, 76, 95, Mt Eden, Hanzell, Hudson, Wente and Melville clones. No MLF. Matured in 10-20 year old French oak on lees without battonage. 14% ABV. $32 / bottle RRP.
A: Mid lemon-gold
N: Spicy, chilli and cinnamon oak. Some lemon sherbet, white peach and stones. Spiciness is most marked
P: Pungent spice tone to lean and smoky, struck match character. Ripe melon fruit. Bright acidity

Sandhi, Chardonnay Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
De-classified Bentrock Chardonnay with Domaine de la Côte and Rinconada Vineyard fruit. Wild-yeast fermentation. 10 months in 20% new, 500L puncheons, then 6 months in tank. 12.5% ABV. $30 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale gold
N: Fennel tones to ripe melon and green apple. Integral, nutty-creamy oak
P: Pure, bright lemon-citrus. Subtle baking spice. Brisk acidity. Great balance. Good length

Sandhi, Bentrock Chardonnay Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
Sandhi’s Westernmost vineyard, North-facing on shale and silica soils, planted 2007. 12.5% ABV. $50 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale lemon-gold
N: Caramel-cinnamon oak richness. Butter touch. Some background struck match. Ripe melon and orchard fruit
P: Sweet, ripe orchard fruit. Mealy-baking spice oak. Brisk acidity. Deft and light. Good length with a creamy finish

Sanford, Sanford & Benedict Chardonnay Sta. Rita Hills 2015 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
Oldest, own-rooted Chardonnay in Santa Barbara, planted 1971. Gentle whole-bunch pressing to French oak for fermentation then 15 months’ ageing. 10-barrel selection. 6 g/L TA, pH 3.4, 12.5% ABV. $48 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium lemon
N: Integral, mellow, mealy and baking spice oak. Ripe yellow melon and white peach
P: Supple yellow apple and melon entry. Baking spice. Chalky texture. Spicy, medium-long to long finish

Tyler, Sanford & Benedict Chardonnay Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
Mt Eden clone, sustainably-farmed, on elder chert and shale over clay. Wild-yeast fermentation and ageing in French oak puncheons. No fining or filtration. 13% ABV. $60 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale lemon
N: Caramel, and toasty hazelnut and baking spice. Classical. Chalky touch
P: Pure and clean. Ripe lemon and yellow apple. Some stone fruit. Lovely balance. Creamy finish. Medium-long to long

De Montille, Sanford & Benedict Pinot Noir Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (17.5 / 20; 95 / 100)
Extra wine. First vintage. Not for commercial release. Oldest, 1971 Sanford & Benedict vines.
A: Pale ruby-purple, with a slight haze
N: Floral, intensely rose-scented strawberry and some orange peel. Gentle stem-herb. Dusty
P: Brisk to crisp acidity. Strawberry and cranberry. Moderate, but filigree tannins. Really elegant. Rose and stem-herb finish. Medium-long to long. Classy

Holus Bolus, The Joy Fantastic Syrah Sta. Rita Hills 2016 (16 / 20; 90 / 100)
Extra wine. Made by husband and wife team, Peter Hunken and Amy Christine MW. 4 year old vines.
A: Deep purple
N: Black olive intensity. Blackberry. Black pepper. Intense
P: Full blackberry flavour and pepper spice. Moderate tannins and length. Young vines!


Day 2.4: Rhônes of Santa Barbara masterclass tasting

Stolpman Vineyards Ballard Canyon

The setting Sun gilds the upper ridges of Stolpman Vineyards’ Ballard Canyon vines

Justin Knock MW compèred the panel-led tasting, with 4 winemakers and 1 grape grower: Pete Stolpman (Stolpman), Adam Tolmach (Ojai), Dave Potter (Potel, who studied wine in Australia), Angela Osborne (A Tribute to Grace, originally from New Zealand, making only California Grenache), and Stolpman viticulturalist, Ruben Solorzano.

Stolpman Vineyards Rhone masterclass

MWs settle in for an interesting masterclass on Rhone varieties

Matt Kettman, wine journalist for Wine Enthusiast, introduced the Ballard Canyon region and its Rhône varieties. Rhône varieties are relatively rare – only 1,900 acres of Syrah are planted in Santa Barbara County vs. 7,700 Chardonnay and 5,500 Pinot Noir, for example, but its quality is the reason for discussing it and other Rhône varieties.

Matt’s view on Ballard Canyon AVA Syrahs is that they combine cool-climate black pepper character with richness of fruit. For Grenache, its characteristic note is a rose or rosewater with good acidity, though there is a wide range of styles, including richer and lighter styles.

Pete revealed that Ballard Canyon has focused on Syrah in its AVA red rules, to give distinctiveness, and 75% of Stolpman is planted to Syrah, though other Rhône varieties such as Mourvèdre, Cinsault and Counoise are grown in the wider Santa Barbara area. Ballard Canyon gets cool Pacific air funnelled into it, with 90°F daytime summer highs for a short period only then a drop down to 40°F in the evenings.

Stolpman use very low levels of irrigation – months without doing so – so the vines have survived recent drought years. Irrigation is used only to promote vegetative growth, so stop irrigation once flowering is underway and before fruit-set, to avoid filling-out the fruit.

They have also planted on own-roots, despite the presence of phylloxera, as the vines come to balance, adjust to the environment and produce small-cluster, quality fruit earlier than rootstock planted Syrah, Grenache and Mourvèdre – clusters can be half the size. Syrah especially has trouble with graft union – losing 2% per year – particularly due to different sizes of rootstock and vine.

Stolpman viticulture is broadly sustainable. The big challenge is powdery mildew (downy is not present in the wider region), so will spray sulfur 3 or 4 times, and not close to harvest. Not irrigation helps prevent powdery mildew as well.

A big challenge with Syrah and Grenache is selling – particularly domestically, where consumers like it when they try it, but it is not Cabernet Sauvignon which they are familiar with. Also, premium Syrah grape prices are rising to around $4,000 / ton, which makes the economics hard to balance, as bottle prices are harder to grow at the same rate.

Amongst the wines, it was the pair of Stolpman estate 2016s – Hilltops Syrah and L’Avion Roussanne from Ballard’s Canyon – that shone finest for me, with an extra dimension of depth and suppleness than their peers.

Before the tasting, we met two of Stolpman’s winery dogs, the elder statesman, Baron von Stolpman, a 17-year old black labrador, and Earl of Stolpman this 2.5-year old Great Dane, who was apparently the runt of the litter. Despite that, during the tasting, Earl demonstrated playfully, that he could hold Baron’s entire head in his jaws… A candidate for Winery Dog of the Year?

Earl winery dog, Stolpman Vineyards

Earl of Stolpman, looking imperious on his home turf



Stolpman Rhone masterclass wines

The masterclass Rhône variety wines

A Tribute to Grace, Murmur Vineyard Grenache Santa Maria Valley 2016 (16 / 20; 90 / 100)
South-facing, cool site for Grenache, planted with clone 362. Two harvests; one 15% whole bunch and the other 25% whole cluster, wild yeast fermentation, foot-trodden 2 times / day for 13 days. 9 months on lees in neutral French oak. pH 3.48, 14.2% ABV. $30 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium ruby
N: Focused, ripe, precise, slightly jammy raspberry fruit. Hint of dust. Orange peel touch
P: Ripe raspberry. Precise. Full bodied. Floral tone to the finish. Fruit first. Subtle spice. Moderate, slightly grainy tannins. Medium-long

A Tribute to Grace, Santa Barbara Highlands Vineyard Grenache Santa Barbara County 2015 (16.5 / 20; 93 / 100)
3,200ft altitude vineyard on decomposed granite and clay-loam. Trellised not bush vines, because she can’t afford the more expensive (expensively farmed) bush. 78% whole cluster, wild yeast fermentation, foot-trodden 2 times / day for 16 days. Natural MLF in barrel. 11 months on lees in 17% new, French oak. pH 3.72, 13.8% ABV. $45 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale garnet
N: Dried, aromatic red cherry. Floral, dried rose petal. Nutty oak spice notes. Markedly rose-floral
P: Bright acidity. Pot pourri and wild strawberry fruit. Soft, fine tannins. Scented medium-long to long

Potek, Demetria Vineyard Grenache Santa Ynez Valley 2014 (16.5 / 20; 93 / 100)
Biodynamic. Hand harvest. Whole cluster fermentation, daily foot-trodden, then 45 days maceration. Neutral French oak. pH 3.65 after fermentation. $40 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale ruby, with garnet glints
N: Spicy-savoury, with garrigue-stem herb, over ripe strawberry fruit. Some rose petal
P: Sweet fruit entry, but brisk acidity. Rose petal mid-palate over ripe cranberry. Subtle chilli spice. Light-moderate, slightly chalky tannins. Long-ish floral finish

Potek, Mormann Vineyard Syrah Sta Rita Hills 2015 (16 / 20; 91 / 100)
Sand dune vineyard, planted 1999 and 2001, late ripening – November in 2015. Hand harvest. 50% whole cluster fermentation. $50 / bottle RRP.
A: Mid-deep ruby-purple
N: Black olive. Some medicinal liquorice, then black pepper and bacon fat. Somewhat floral, but mostly spicy-savoury
P: Medium-full body. Fairly bright acidity. Fairly-firm, but grainy, drying, slightly bitter tannins. Ripe blackberry, black olive and liquorice. Floral, medium-long to long finish

Ojai, Duvarita Syrah Santa Barbara County 2014 (15 / 20; 86 / 100)
Ojai unusually buy fruit by the acre, not by the ton, which is more expensive in general, but provides more control and counteracts incentives to overproduce. Open top fermenters. 18 months in neutral French oak. 13.5% ABV $50 / bottle RRP.
A: Deep ruby-purple
N: Chalky, slightly mousy aromatic entry. Some white pepper. Ripe, bold, blackberry fruit beneath with some sweet apple.
P: Disjointed, sour apple and cherry fruit. Mousy mid-palate. Subtle white pepper. Moderately-firm, slightly chewy tannins. Medium length

Ojai, Solomon Hills Syrah Santa Maria Valley 2014 (16.5 / 20; 92 / 100)
Only non-Chardonnay or Pinot Noir block in Santa Maria Valley. Small proportion of whole bunch (maximum 15%). 19 months in 100% neutral French oak. 13.5% ABV. $65 / bottle RRP.
A: Deep ruby-purple
N: Floral-herbal entry. Then grilled meat and subtle black pepper. Some grilled chilli pepper. Ripe raspberry beneath
P: Rich raspberry. Brisk acidity. Pungent white pepper and fresh earth minerality. Grilled meat tones. Savoury. Fairly-firm, grainy tannins. Medium-long to long

Stolpman, Hilltops Syrah Ballard Canyon 2016 (17.5 / 20; 95 / 100)
Limestone crown of Hilltops blocks B5-7, at 2,400 vines / acre. 30% whole bunch fermentation without sulfur addition. Aged in 50% new, 500L French puncheons. 14.4% ABV. $55 / bottle RRP.
A: Deep black-purple, with a narrow rim
N: Integral, suave, fresh tea, ripe raspberry, bacon fat and dusty mineral, with a violet note
P: Ripe, sweet raspberry. Peppery mid-palate, with floral violet. Firm, chalky tannins. Long, perfumed finish. Attractive and needs time to add complexity

Stolpman, L’Avion Roussanne Ballard Canyon 2016 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
19 acres of the US’s 358 acres of Roussanne, hand-rotated 2-3 weeks before harvest, to get even ‘sun-tan’ – as the green grapes have little flavour, so would just dilute the overall impact. Only the oldest vines for L’Avion vs the Estate bottling. 90% Roussanne, 10% Chardonnay. Destemmed and crushed, then pressed. Wild yeast fermentation in 75% new, 500L French puncheons, to frame the fruit. 13.9% ABV. $30 / bottle RRP.
A: Mid-deep green-gold, with a slight haze
N: Toasty-nutty oak tones integrated into pronounced honeysuckle and apricot
P: Toasty, creamy, buttered macadamia nutty tones. Yellow peach and honeysuckle, with a fairly long, floral-creamy finish. Soft acidity and medium-full body


Day 2.5: Stolpman Vineyard dinner wines

Tom Stolpman sparkling wine

Christopher Burr MW and Matt Stubbs MW join Stolpman Vineyards founder, Tom Stolpman for bubbles

Following the evening’s Rhône varieties masterclass, we had some sparkling Chardonnays with Sunset. We then moved to dinner in a marquee in the vineyard, in front of the family house, Villa Angeli. Several interesting Rhône variety wines from Ballard Canyon and beyond, were available to taste. Stolpman’s own Estate Syrah 2016 shone out at just $30 a bottle, and I also enjoyed the owl-labelled 2017 Para Maria blend, made as a joint-venture between the Stolpmans and their viticulturalist, Ruben. I put that label in Book 7…



Jonata, Le Sangre de Jonata Syrah Santa Ynez Valley 2015 (?? / 20; ?? / 100)
Project from the owners of Screaming Eagle, adjacent to Stolpman, on sand. Michel Rolland consulting. 15% ABV. $?? / bottle RRP.
A: Deep purple
N: Bacon fat. Ripe, slightly jammy. Intense but not overdone. Clove-cinnamon
P: Very intense, inky, super-spicy liqueur blackberry and black cherry. Powerful, peppery, with an alcoholic burn. Firm to high, but fine tannins

Kunin, Stolpman Vineyard Syrah Ballard Canyon 2016 (16 / 20; 91 / 100)
Massal selection clones. Whole bunch fermentation with selected yeasts including Rhône D-254, in open-top fermenters, with 2-3 hand punchdowns / day. Pressed, settled and racked to barrel. 5.6 g/L TA, pH 3.7, 13.4% ABV. $55 / bottle RRP.
A: Mid-deep ruby
N: Vanilla-clove. Rose-floral. Jammy raspberry. Some liquorice. Gentle spice
P: Ripe, rich, raspberry and blackberry. Subtle spice. Moderate acidity. Fairly full-bodied. Chewy, drying, firm tannins. Warming finish

Ojai, Presidio (Duvarita) Syrah Santa Barbara County 2006 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
Magnum. 100% Syrah. 11 months in 20% new French oak. 14.5% ABV. $90 / bottle RRP.
A: Deep garnet
N: Kirsch and crème de mures fruit. Liquorice. Black pepper. Some old leather. Black tea and truffle tones
P: Full body, thick and velvety. Blue and black liqueur fruit. Resolved, firm, velvet tannins. Inky finish, with vanilla-chocolate

Stolpman, Estate Syrah Ballard Canyon 2016 (18 / 20; 96 / 100)
A. 14.1% ABV. $30 / bottle RRP.
A: Mid-deep purple
N: Sandy mineral. Orange. Stem-herb. Liquorice and violet. Fresh earth
P: Brisk acid. Blue and blackberry. Fine, violet-scented with orange and schist mineral. Firm, chewy tannins. Long, violet finish. Tight

Storm Wines, Slide Hill Vineyard Syrah Edna Valley 2016 (15.5 / 20; 88 / 100)
Made by Ernst Storm, brother of Hannes Storm who makes Storm wines in South Africa, who I’d met a few days before in London! Aiming for a slightly funky, Crozes-Hermitage style. UCD1 clone on 101-14 rootstocks, planted on gravelly loam, 7 miles from the Pacific. Biodynamic. 6.2 g/L TA, pH 3.54, 13% ABV. $45 / bottle RRP.
A: Deep purple
N: Funky tones to granite mineral, then leafy white pepper and raspberry
P: Brisk to crisp acidity. Flinty mineral. Some herbal character. Firm, peppery, slightly green tannins. Medium-long finish

Stolpman, Para Maria Red Blend Santa Barbara County 2017 (16.5 / 20; 93 / 100)
Fruit from 50:50 joint-venture between Stolpman and their viticulturalist, Ruben Solorzano. 80% Syrah, 20% Petit Verdot. Whole-bunch and destemmed fruit to give 40% carbonic maceration fermentation in stainless steel tanks. 9 months in neutral oak. 14.1% ABV. $22 / bottle RRP.
A: Deep purple
N: Pronounced violets and blackberry. Ripe. White pepper and crushed rock. Dusty. Medicinal touch
P: Ripe raspberry. Bright acidity. Juicy. Spiced white pepper. Fairly firm, peppery tannins. Medium-long to long


Day 3.1: Miller Family Bien Nacido Vineyard masterclass tasting

Bien Nacido Vineyard blocks

View over some of the valley-floor blocks of Bien Nacido, up to hillside areas

Nicolas Miller, owners of Bien Nacido gave us a bus tour of the vineyard and introduced Santa Maria, before showing 3 of their own wines, of which the Bien Nacido Estate Syrah was particularly outstanding. The vineyard has no public access, tasting rooms etc., so this was a real privilege, given the renown of the vineyard itself which, along with Sanford & Benedict is perhaps the most recognised, named vineyard on wine labels in Santa Barbara.

Santa Maria Valley is the 3rd oldest AVA, and Bien Nacido is at the heart, planted 1973. The Miller family sell fruit to more other wineries who label with Bien Nacido than any other vineyard in the world – around 40-50 different people. Bien Nacido overall is 800 acres but only around a third is designated for vineyard-labelled wines. The vineyard has 3 zones – the flat valley floor, hillside plots and an intermediate, gentle, South-facing bench slope, they believe to be ideal for Pinot Noir.

Nicolas’ father and uncle looked to diversify their farming from fruit and vegetables they were growing in Southern California. They found Santa Maria Valley as a cool enough zone for grape growing, falling into Region I on the Winkler degree-day scale. That made Pinot Noir and Chardonnay ideal. However a very long growing season permits Rhône varieties as well – harvesting Syrah up to 2 months later than Pinot Noir. Windy springs tend to mean low fruit-set for most varieties except UCD 4 Chardonnay that flowers early.

Bien Nacido was originally planted on its own roots, so has 40+ year old Pinot Noir Pommard and Martini clones, planted widely to accommodate tractors. In that same plot, 777, 667, 114, 115 and other Dijon clones were then added later as interstitial rows, filling-in the previously-wide inter-row spaces, when some customers demanded Burgundy clones.

This transformed the old block into alternate rows of older California and younger Dijon clones. Despite being in the same block, these are managed differently and often sold to very different customers – who get customised growing programs for their crops.

Further, the Dijon clones were planted on rootstocks. Rootstock choices have varied with the preferences of different vineyard managers over the years. Vines are composted. Weed control and some fertilisation is supported by some sheep and cows to graze, inter-row.

Bien Nacido Vineyards winery

We tasted Bien Nacido Vineyards’ wines amongst their fermentation vats

Trey Fletcher joined the Miller’s business in 2011 from Littorai, to make Estate wines for the family. Armit imports the wines to the UK and 67 Pall Mall are now listing them. Trey was attracted by the refinement and restraint of the region, having attended the In Pursuit of Balance conference not long before.



Bien Nacido Vineyards wines

Bien Nacido Vineyards’ 3 wines shown at the masterclass

Bien Nacido & Solomon Hills, Bien Nacido Estate Chardonnay Santa Maria Valley 2016 (16.5+ / 20; 93+ / 100)
Elder and Chamise shyla loams, with Pleasanton sandy loam on shale, UCD 4 planted in 1973 on its own roots. 40-50HL / Ha. Organic farming. Lots of leaves left on the vine. Acidities tend to be retained easily, staying at pH 3.1-3.2 between 11.5 and 14% potential ABV before drop-off. Hand harvest at night. Whole bunch press, wild-yeast barrel fermentation for 2-3 months, then MLF. 12 months on lees in 25% new French oak, 228L and 350L, then 6 months in stainless steel on lees. Moderate battonage to stimulate late part of fermentation. 7.5 g/L TA, pH 3.1. Unfiltered. 13% ABV. $45 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium lemon-gold
N: Ripe pear and green melon. Very subtle, mealy oak with some baking spice. Restrained style of California. Flint touch
P: Intense, crisp, slightly green fruited tones. Brisk to crisp acidity. Medium body. Subtle baking spice oak with some nuttiness. Flinty. Quite tight. Medium-long

Bien Nacido & Solomon Hills, Bien Nacido Estate Pinot Noir Santa Maria Valley 2015 (17.5 / 20; 95 / 100)
4 blocks. Elder and Chamise shyla loams, with Pleasanton sandy loam on shale, planted in the late 1980s. VSP but with wider, 8-12’’ width between wires for air circulation to reduce botrytis – daytime air temperatures around 26°C don’t disperse the botrytis so well. Hand harvest at night, 2 weeks before Chardonnay. 1/3 whole bunch. Wild-yeast fermentation in open-topped fermenters up to 31-33°C top temperatures, with 21-23 days on skins. Unracked to barrel for MLF. 16 months on lees in 40% new French oak. Unfiltered. 13.5% ABV. $65 / bottle RRP.
A: Mid ruby-garnet
N: Coffee and slightly roasted plum. Fresh earth. Integral clove oak. Gentle spice. Sophisticated. Dark
P: Brisk to crisp acidity. Supple, light-medium tannins. Expressive, smoky minerality, with espresso tinges. Deep, spicy, savoury plum fruit at the core. Long

Bien Nacido & Solomon Hills, Bien Nacido Estate Syrah Santa Maria Valley 2015 (18+ / 20;  96+ / 100)
98% Syrah, 2% Viognier. 2nd planting vines on the mountainside with well-draining soils, with Viognier interplanted. Los Osos clay loam and Franciscan shale over marine volcanics. Hand harvest at night. Viognier destemmed and Syrah mostly not, then wild yeast co-fermentation with MLF. 16 months in 20% new French oak on lees. 13.5% ABV. $65 / bottle RRP.
A: Deep black ruby, with some purple tints
N: Smoky, dark chocolate and savoury, with some hints of black olive and white pepper touches. Polished, not overripe or jammy blackberry
P: Crisp acidity. Medicinal with some orange touches to violet. Spicy, white pepper and granitic mineral savouriness. Powerful spiciness. Fairly-firm, mouthcoating, polished tannins. Long, with a saline tang on the finish


Day 3.2: Bien Nacido walkaround tasting

Bien Nacido Vineyard courtyard tasting

Walkaround tasting of Bien Nacido wines in the Vineyard courtyard

After the masterclass on the Miller family’s wines, we moved to their courtyard for a tasting of Bien Nacido vineyard wines made by a range of producers. That included Qupé, whose 2010 Bien Nacido Syrah switched me onto this specific vineyard as a special place. It was great to meet Bob Lindquist of Qupé and tell him so!

The 2014 Qupé Bien Nacido Syrah again showed very well indeed, as did Au Bon Climat’s pretty classy Bien Nacido-sourced 35th Anniversary Pinot Noir 2015 alongside its unusual sister wine, the Clendenen Family “Bricco Buon Natale” Nebbiolo 2013 (“Bricco Buon Natale” of course being the Italian for Bien Nacido Vineyard…).

Overall, the Bien Nacido vineyard showed very well indeed, confirming the impression I’d built up that it is an important place in Santa Barbara fine wines.



Au Bon Climat, Hildegard Bien Nacido White Blend Santa Maria Valley 2015 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
50% Pinot Gris from Bien Nacido Block 12, 40% Pinot Blanc, 10% Aligote. 24 months in Francois Freres French oak, then blended. 13.5% ABV. $35 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale lemon
N: Ripe pear, honeysuckle, white peach, hint of lemon leaf. Background pastry oak
P: Brisk acidity. Conserved lemons and pear. Almond cream oak. Some spice. Pinot Blanc fleshiness. Long

Au Bon Climat, 35th Anniversary Pinot Noir Santa Maria Valley 2015 (17.5 / 20; 95 / 100)
Bien Nacido Block 11, clone 667 Pinot Noir, planted on a steep, South-west facing slope. Over 2 years in new French oak. ??% ABV. $75 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale ruby-garnet
N: Rich, fresh earth, clove richness. Strawberry perfume
P: Sweet, bright redcurrant and cranberry. Clove-cinnamon oak. Savoury spice. Long, scented finish with elegant, delicate tannins

Clendenen Family, “Bricco Buon Natale” Nebbiolo Santa Maria Valley 2013 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
Lampia and Miquet clones planted in Bien Nacido for the Clendenen family in 1994. Pruned to control yields and quality. Destemmed and fermented in 5-ton, open-topped fermenters with 2 punchdowns / day. 36 months in 33% new, 500L barrels, with 1 racking per year. No fining or filtration. 1 year in bottle, pre-release 13.5% ABV. $35 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale ruby-garnet
N: Vanilla-cream scent over floral red cherry. Cinnamon and baking spices
P: Brisk acidity. Red cherry and rose petal. Fairly firm, fine tannins. Long, vanilla finish

Duckhorn Migration, Bien Nacido Chardonnay Santa Maria Valley 2016 (17.5 / 20; 95 / 100)
Planted 1973 with abundant limestone soils. 75% MLF. 10 months in 35% new French oak. 6.4 g/L TA, pH 3.27, 14.1% ABV. $56 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale gold
N: Rich, ripe stone fruit. Subtle baking spice. California with class
P: Brisk, balanced acidity, ripe yellow stone fruit. Touch of flint. Ripe and pure, with California fruit sweetness, but Bien Nacido acidity

Duckhorn Calera, Bien Nacido Pinot Noir Santa Maria Valley 2015 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
First vintage. 777 on Q Block Chico rootstock, planted in 2002 at 12×5’ spacing. South-facing, 9-15% slope, with Elder shale loam. Whole-berry destemmed, then wild-yeast fermentation in open top fermenters for 14 days. Pressed, settled overnight then aged 18 months in 50% new French oak, without racking. 6.8 g/L TA, pH 3.52, 14.8% ABV. $48 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale ruby with some garnet glints
N: Vibrant, aromatic strawberry with sandalwood and clove oak
P: Sweet strawberry fruit, balanced by a hint of brisk acidity, then a mouth of spice. Baking spice and sandalwood finish. Moderate, peppery tannins. Classy. Long

Ojai, Bien Nacido Chardonnay Santa Maria Valley 2016 (16.5 / 20; 93 / 100)
11 months in neutral French oak. 13% ABV. $35 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium lemon
N: Baking spices and lifted citrus & green melon. Dense, pure fruit
P: Brisk to crisp acidity. Ripe orchard fruit and citrus. Background spice. Some flint. Medium-long

Ojai, Bien Nacido Pinot Noir Santa Maria Valley 2014 (16 / 20; 91 / 100)
15 months in 15% new French oak. 13% ABV. $45 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium ruby-purple
N: Slightly jammy raspberry. Nutty oak. Sandalwood and some dustiness
P: Rich, ripe strawberry. Light-medium tannins. Moderate acidity. Some spice to the medium-long finish

Presqu’ile, Bien Nacido Pinot Noir Santa Maria Valley 2013 (16 / 20; 91 / 100)
South side of the vineyard, with marine deposit soils on sand. Mt Eden and Pommard clones. 80% whole bunch fermentation – being reduced from historical 100%. 18 months in 50% new French oak. No fining or filtration. 5.13 g/L TA, pH 3.81, 12.8% ABV. $68 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale ruby
N: Stem-herb dominant aromatics, then distinctly sandalwood oak. Raspberry fruit
P: Sour-sweet cherry. Stem-herb. Spice. Brisk acidity. Moderate, slightly stemmy tannins. Medium-long

Presqu’ile, Bien Nacido Pinot Noir Santa Maria Valley 2013 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
Pommard clone. 10% whole bunch fermentation. 11 months in neutral French oak, then 6 months in stainless steel tanks. No fining or filtration. 5.5 g/L TA, pH 3.75, 12.8% ABV. $62 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale ruby
N: Ripe cherry and cranberry. Sandalwood scent and subtle nutty oak. Touch of dried thyme
P: Pure, precise, crafted red cherry. Spicy, saline with fine, silky, light-moderate tannins. Rich, scented finish. Classy

Qupé, Bien Nacido Hillside Estate Roussanne Santa Maria Valley 2014 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
‘Custom’ block of Tablas Creek clone, on steep, West-facing, cool, sunny slopes, planted 1997. Whole-bunch pressed, cold-settled overnight, then fermented in 1-year old Francois Freres 228L French oak, followed by MLF then 12 months on lees. Racked, fined and to neutral French oak for 6 more months. 13.5% ABV. $40 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium lemon
N: Waxy, honeysuckle aromatics. Highly scented. Creamy almond and white peach
P: Brisk acidity. White peach, wax, honeysuckle and cream. Rich, balanced and long

Qupé, Bien Nacido Hillside Estate Syrah Santa Maria Valley 2014 (18 / 20; 96 / 100)
‘Custom’, Z-block, Southwest-facing, slopes, planted 1992. 33% whole-bunch fermentation in open-top fermenters with 2 manual punchdowns / day. 12 months in 60% new Francois Freres 228L French oak then, racked, blended and returned to neutral French oak for 10 months more. 15-barrel selection. 13.5% ABV. $40 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium ruby-purple
N: Bacon fat and toasted black olive. Smoky flint with a dusty, clear minerality. Deep and complex
P: Rich, spicy black pepper and blackberry. Liquorice and graphite. Polished, fine, fairly-firm tannins. Long

Tyler, Bien Nacido Old Vine Pinot Noir Santa Maria Valley 2015 (17 / 20; 94 / 100)
Blocks G, N and Q, from the original 1973, own-rooted plantings, on Elder series shale-loam. Destemmed to 2-5 ton open-top fermenters. Wild-yeast fermentation starts after 4-5 days. Gentle punchdown and pumpover extraction. Pressed to tank for brief settling. 12-14 months on lees in 50% new oak, racked and blended, then 3-4 months more barrel ageing. No fining or filtration. 13.2% ABV. $65 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale ruby
N: Toasted spice, slightly roasted red cherry. Reductive. Garrigue herb tone
P: Rich, medium-full body. Blackberry, chilli spice. Moderate, chalky tannins. Orange tang. Long

Tyler, Bien Nacido W Block Chardonnay Santa Maria Valley 2015 (16.5 / 20; 93 / 100)
Block W, from the original 1973, own-rooted plantings, on Elder series shale-loam. Whole-bunch pressed to tank, settled and wild-yeast fermentation started in tank, before transfer to 15% new barrels and puncheons for fermentation to complete. MLF. 10 months in barrel on lees without battonage, then 5 months in tank. Light filtration. 13% ABV. $50 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium lemon
N: Lots of struck match. Toasty, ripe, yellow melon and some passionfruit beneath. Nutty oak. Dusty soil tone
P: Ripe, spiced melon. Some ripe lemon and phenolic chew. Flinty. Brisk to crisp acidity. Medium-long

Day 3.3: Au Bon Climat lunch wines

Au Bon Climat winery barrel filling

Arriving at Au Bon Climat, which was very much an active winery that day!

Some 60-odd MWs, winemaking legends like Qupé’s Bob Lindquist and Sanford & Benedict founder, Richard Sanford descended on the ABC winery for lunch, taking over the whole of the flat space between barrels, cases and offices.

Au Bon Climat winery lunch tables

Our lunch tables were arranged between barrels, cases, bottles and vats

Even more remarkably, Jim Clendenen cooked the lunch, using a lot of estate-grown vegetables.

Jim Clendenen in Au Bon Climat

Jim Clendenen taking us through the menu of local produce he had cooked for our lunch

A spread of interesting Santa Barbara wines were available to taste and drink, many of which were in magnum and showed how the finer wines of Santa Barbara can age very well indeed – further signs of the fine wine strength of the County. A triumvirate of Qupé and ABC wines led the charge: Au Bon Climat 2001 Nuits-Blanches au Bouge Chardonnay and Knox Alexander Pinot Noir 2003, plus Qupé 20th Anniversary Bien Nacido Syrah 2001:

Au Bon Climat and Qupe 2001

Two fantastic magnums of 17 year old wines, showing the finesse and staying power of Santa Barbara

Of a pair of extra wines, the 2000 Hitching Post Pinot Noir outshone the 2001.

Hitching Post Pinot Noir 2000

Another magnum showed how unfancied vintages can still perform



Calera, Aligote Mt. Harlan 2016 (15.5 / 20; 88 / 100)
Planted at 6x10ft spacing on Southwest and North-facing, limestone soils, on St George rootstocks, in 2004 and 2007. Whole-bunch pressed, then settled overnight, before transfer to neutral barrels for wild-yeast fermentation then MLF. 6 months in neutral oak and stainless steel. Blended. Very light filtration. 6.1 g/L TA, pH 3.28, 12.7% ABV. $35 / bottle RRP.
A: Pale lemon
N: Green leafy, chalky and dusty
P: Crisp acidity. Lemon and greengage. Some leaf. Chalky texture and mineral. Medium-long

Au Bon Climat, Nuits-Blanches au Bouge Chardonnay Santa Maria Valley 2001 (17.5 / 20; 95 / 100)
Magnum. 76 and 96 clones in 4-acre Bien Nacido K Block, estate farmed since 1990. 14 month fermentations and equivalent for MLF. 7 g/L TA, pH 3.4, 14.5% ABV. $?? / bottle RRP.
A: Deep gold
N: Some hard cheese, old cream, subtle baking spice. Toasted almond nut. Dried pear and stone fruit. Complex. Mature
P: Rich, creamy-spicy, some wax, dried lemon and stone fruit. Buttered, toasty almond and some oxidation notes. Medium-long to long with baking spice

Clendenen Family, Nebbiolo Santa Maria Valley (17.5 / 20; 95 / 100)
Long fermentation of a minimum 1 month. Extended barrel age. ??% ABV. $?? / bottle RRP.
A: Mid-deep brick-garnet, with a broad rim
N: Marked old, toasted tobacco, with tarry, pot pourri and black truffle. Complex and harmonious
P: Dried cherry. Smoky balsamic. Rich, with brisk acidity and supple, moderate tannins. Good length

Au Bon Climat, Knox Alexander Pinot Noir Santa Maria Valley (18 / 20; 96 / 100)
Magnum. 115, 667, 777, Jackson and Swan clones mainly in Bien Nacido Block 11, planted 1998, plus some Le Bon Climat fruit. Spur pruned and irrigated. Destemmed whole berries in 1,000 gallon, open-top fermenters, for 2-day cold soak. Inoculated to start fermentation, with 2 manual punchdowns / day. Pressed to barrel with minimal settling, then 18 months in 75% new Francois Freres oak. ??% ABV. $?? / bottle RRP.
A: Pale-medium brick-garnet
N: Black tea and truffle, with some forest floor. Cinnamon. Dried red cherry and subtle spice. Some pot pourri. Beautiful. Still very much alive
P: Bright acidity. Supple, fine, moderate tannins. Long, dried cherry, truffle and spice finish

Qupé, Bien Nacido Hillside Estate Roussanne Santa Maria Valley 2007 (17.5 / 20; 95 / 100)
‘Custom’ block of Tablas Creek clone, on steep, West-facing, cool, sunny slopes, planted 1997. Harvested in 2 lots. Whole-bunch pressed, cold-settled overnight, then fermented in 1-year old Francois Freres 228L French oak, followed by MLF then 12 months on lees. Racked, fined and to neutral French oak for 6 more months. 13.5% ABV. $40 / bottle RRP.
A: Mid-deep lemon-green
N: Blanched almond. Wax. Macadamia nut. Honey. Dried apple and peach
P: Spicy, waxy, honeyed. Dried apple and camomile. Macadamia. Bright-to-brisk acidity. Long

Qupé, Bien Nacido “X” Block 20th Anniversary Syrah Santa Maria Valley 2001 (17.5 / 20; 95 / 100)
??% ABV. $?? / bottle RRP.
A: Deep black garnet
N: Creamy, vanilla and clove, over dried liquorice and dried blackberry. Chocolate. Quite Barossa-like without such baked-ness. Mellow black pepper spice. Old leather and tobacco
P: Ripe raspberry and blackberry. More youthful palate than nose. Some black tea and old tobacco. Black pepper. Still fairly-firm, chalky tannins. Long. Can go on for 5+ years

Hartley Ostini, Hitching Post Bien Nacido Vineyard Pinot Noir Santa Maria Valley 2001 (16.5 / 20; 92 / 100)
??% ABV. $?? / bottle RRP.
A: Mid brick-garnet
N: Truffle, black tea and earth. Dried fruit beneath
P: Sweet, mature red fruit, with balsamic, black tea and truffle. Medium-long

Hartley Ostini, Hitching Post Bien Nacido Vineyard Pinot Noir Santa Maria Valley 2000 (17.5 / 20; 95 / 100)
Considered at the time to be a relatively unpromising vintage, which has surprised them over time. ??% ABV. $?? / bottle RRP.
A: Pale brick
N: Meaty, spicy and complex. Less ripe, more ‘mature’ tea, truffle and dried red fruit
P: Ripe but brisk acidity. Balsamic truffle spice, dried red fruit. Long

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