An exploration of wine

Artadi: single vineyard revolutionaries

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Artadi wine range

Artadi’s full range of wines across their 3 estates

After meeting César Román, Artadi’s commercial guy, at ProWein, I arranged to visit them with Ruth and fellow MW, Madeleine Stenwreth. We went into the vineyards first, especially their iconic Viña El Pisón, before barrel tasting the 2017s with their super-humble, French winemaker, Jean-François Gadeau who has been long enough in Spain to speak Spanish like a native (to my ear at least!). We finished with a fascinating look at how their old-vine Navarra Garnacha ages, with a bottle of 2005.

Vina El Pison visit

Ruth and Madeleine visiting the famous Vina El Pison

Artadi were founded in the mid-1980s and now own 80Ha of vineyards in the area around Laguardia. The estate began with what is now their entry-level, carbonic maceration red. After that Viñas de Gain was created as a Laguardia ‘village’ wine, being a blend of 7 vineyards within 8km of each other. Their now-iconic, single vineyard expressions followed.

In the mid-1990s a 100% Garnacha wine from Navarra (Artazu) was added and then a pure, ‘seaside’ Mourvèdre wine from Alicante (El Sequé). There is also a 100% Viura sparkling wine.

Artazu Garnacha Navarra 2005

Santa Cruz de Artazu 2005 – how old vine Garnacha ages

Today, the wines are exported to the US, UK, Switzerland and Austria, with the Far East developing through Hong Kong, Singapore and Shanghai. Although the UK is less strong in the on-trade than desired, a recent debut in a Christie’s auction is part of a strategy to build a premium image for the UK on trade.

In Rioja, they have 4 key parcels that deliver their single vineyard wines: El Carretil, La Poza de Ballesteros, Valdegines and El Pisón, planted in 1945. They recently launched a wine club based around these old plots – the Pagos Viejos Collectors range only available to those who have visited the estate and are interested in a 6-pack each year.

Clos walls of El Pison

The real and natural walls around Vina El Pison make it like a Burgundian Clos

El Pisón is a 2.4Ha vineyard in almost a Burgundian Clos configuration, walled on 2 sides, but with natural ‘walls’ on the other 2 sides. Artadi consider it like a Grand Cru monopole. It is limestone-clay with more clay in the lower parts and is planted primarily with Tempranillo, alongside <8% inter-planted Viura.

Vina El Pison Tempranillo vine

Old Tempranillo vine just approaching flowering in El Pison vineyard

It has been organic for the last 12-14 years and horses have just been added for cultivation work. As part of cultivating wildlife there, they just installed a bat nest – analysis of the droppings helps diagnose vineyard wildlife health.

Bat cave

This bat house has been installed at the hut in El Pison, with a dropping trap beneath

The principle viticultural challenge is mildew in humid years, however in both 2016 and 2017, severe late frosts have been a bigger challenge – 20th April in 2017 and again in April 2017. Within the vineyard, different slopes and changing contours give variable fertility across the vineyard, and low base fertility means some organics need to be added through cover crops and manure. Planting densities also very somewhat in different parts of the vineyard, though it wasn’t clear if that was related.

Vina El Pison slope and contours

The slopes and contours of El Pison are clearer from near the top

Their general approach to winemaking is to make single-varietal wines and barrique age them, though only for 7-8 months, including MLF. The single vineyard reds are therefore pure Tempranillo, expressing their site variations.

We tasted 2017s from barrel. The impact of April’s late frost was that much of the bunches were from secondary buds and had particularly fragile skins. They therefore softened the extraction and handling regime, for example by running only short pumpovers to keep the cap wet.

Artadi bottling line

Batch-bottling at Artadi

When we were there, they were bottling – all done on site – and it turns out that they bottle to order. Or to be strictly accurate, bottle to batch-order – waiting until enough orders have accumulated to be able to bottle a single vat of c. 25HL. This has interesting implications for the ‘age’ of a given bottle, or at least to add another variable into bottle variation of the same vintages for some wines.

Artadi tasting room

Artadi’s new tasting room was nearing completion, to showcase their wines

At the bodega, a new bar-tasting room is being built to give a better experience for visitors, without the requirement for an appointment, showcasing not only Artadi’s wines, but also those imported wines that Artadi have distribution rights for, including Louis Jadot, de Montille, Josmeyer, J. L. Chave, the Perrin family and Pio Cesare.

The below tasting notes are from the barrel and bottle tastings at the bodega in June, supplemented by those taken at ProWein in March 2018.

 

Wines

Artadi Viñas de Gain Blanco Vineyard Selection 2014 (16.5 / 20)
Tasted at ProWein 2018. 10 months French oak then 2 years stainless steel.
A: Very pale lemon
N: Chalk, floral, fresh-cut apple. Delicate. Oyster shell and subtle touches of vanilla in the background
P: Bright, not brisk acidity. Rounded, ripe oyster shell, pear skin and spice. Creaminess. Medium-long to long. Rich but not oaky

Artadi Viñas de Gain 2016 [cask sample] (16 / 20)
Tasted at ProWein 2018. 5 parcels maximum 8km apart. 10 months in barrels.
A: Mid-deep purple
N: Perfumed, blue and black fruit. Aromatic. Crushed rock. Spiced oak background tones. Primary
P: Sweet fruit entry, then lots of spice, then slightly wild, fairly-firm tannins. Some saltiness

Artadi Valdegines 2017 Single Vineyard [barrel sample] (17+ / 20)
Use this wine to introduce the concept of single vineyard expressions. Larger, steeper, 6Ha, 45 year old vineyard. A small tributary of the Ebro cuts down the hillside. On the West bank is this plot, which is therefore East-facing, catching the cooler morning Sun and retaining freshness. More straightforward, less structured, but defined.
A: Mid-deep purple
N: Briary, flinty fruit. Subtle background toast. Opens with reduction that becomes liquorice
P: Sandy, moderate tannins. Black cherry and gentle spice. Some salty-flintiness

Artadi Valdegines Single Vineyard 2015 (17.5 / 20)
Tasted at ProWein 2018. Northern exposition in Laguardia. 10 months in non-new oak.
A: Deep ruby
N: Spice and smoky, stony minerality – powerfully mineral. Ripe black fruit beneath, but savoury style. Totally not Rioja classic style; terroir
P: Supple, peppery, firm tannins. Ripe, smoky / savoury black cherry. Spice. Mineral. Moderate acidity but some salinity. Long

Artadi La Poza de Ballesteros Single Vineyard 2017 [barrel sample] (17.5+ / 20)
Other side of the river from Valdegines, so West-facing. But 70 year old vines, so grow slowly and harvest later than Valdegines. Named after an old natural swimming pool made in the river with a small dam.
A: Deep black-purple
N: Toasty new barrel tone. Nutty oak. Intense rocks and blackberry. Liquorice touch. Holding back
P: Brisk acidity. Stones. Rocks. Spice. Power. Peppery fairly-firm tannins. Dense, savoury fruit. Saline

Artadi La Poza de Ballesteros Single Vineyard 2015 (17+ / 20)
Tasted at ProWein 2018.
A: Deep purple
N: Marmite, almost anthracite smoky rock
P: Richer, sweeter blackberry entry. Powerful, high, rustic tannins. Smoky – almost volcanic style. Cedar oak. Powerhouse. Needs time

Artadi El Carratil Single Vineyard 2017 [barrel sample] (18+ / 20)
South of Laguardia, 1km from the winery. Quite flat, East-South